Journal on Fitness and Sports Health Science

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ICA Fitness Council President's Message
Dr. Pete Gratale, D.C., C.S.C.S.
Welcome to our dynamic e-Journal from the ICA Council on Fitness & Sports Health Science. We hope you find the information that we provide useful in our shared quest of helping athletes and fitness enthusiasts of all ages and abilities to improve their performance and fulfill their innate potentials. Our contributors include some of the greatest minds, clinicians and sports performance experts in their fields. Many of these authorities have presented on our distinguished faculty at the annual ICA Symposium on Natural Fitness & Sports, which has featured Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger as our keynote speaker for the last 25 years. Join us and Arnold over March 1, 2, & 3, 2018 and celebrate the lofty position to which Chiropractic has been elevated in the sports and fitness communities.
Concussion and Athletic Injury for the Sports Chiropractor
Frederick R Carrick, DC, PhD, MS-HPEd
Physical activity has been associated with widespread anatomical and functional brain changes that occur following acute exercise or, in the case of athletes, throughout life. High levels of physical activity through the practice of sports also lead to better general health and increased cognitive function. Exercise for exercise sake? Certainly there must be benefits that patients might be able to understand. One thing is for sure, exercise results in changes in brain function as well as with changes in general health that might affect the lifespan of individuals. I am very impressed with the knowledge of members of the ICA Council on Fitness & Sports Health Science as they address the benefits of better general health and increase cognition as a consequence of high levels of physical activity through participation in sports.
The ICA Fitness Council is Proud to Present the
26th Annual Symposium on Natural Fitness & Sports

March 1-3, 2018
Predictive Regulation and Network Dynamics in Efficient Performance Adaptation – Opinion Statement
Kenneth Jay, MSc, PhD

Michael Phelps in swimming, Serena Williams in tennis, Usain Bolt at the track, Connor McGregor in the octagon, Simone Biles in gymnastics and the legendary hurdler Jackie Joyner-Kersee. Those are all athletes that were at one point, or still is, at the top of their sport. Ever since Dan Coyle's "The Talent Code" and Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers", the key variable that seems to set the elite apart from everyone else is largely due to the deliberate practice model and 10,000 hour rule proposed by Ericsson and colleagues. Indeed, legendary golfer Arnold Palmer had it right when he said: "The more I practice, the luckier I get".

Research in psychology and behavioral science have tried to identify what key characteristics in personality traits and behavior the best in the world have over the general population.

Exercise Muscle Testing
Ken Kinakin, DC
After 20 years of attending and presenting muscle testing seminars, I have come to some insightful realizations. The strength of muscle testing is that you can determine if the muscle is strong or weak and whether the weakness is due to a muscle, joint or nerve dysfunction. The weakness of muscle testing is the muscle if often tested in abnormal positions and ranges of motion in order to become as specific as possible. An example is testing the pectoralis clavicular muscle. The set up is the arm is extended straight in front of you with it being fully internally rotated so the thumb is facing downwards towards the floor with the arm being pushed out laterally by the tester. This setup does isolate the pec clavicular, but that motion is never performed in everyday life.
The Forgotten Ab Exercise
Peter Gratale, DC

My wife, Lisa, is the director of our Energy Pilates studio, which shares space with our chiropractic office.  As such, I can constantly hear the instructors directing their clients to lift their abdominals IN AND UP as they contract them.

This longstanding exercise cue can be forgotten because of its simplicity, but never underestimate how important this verbal / mental cue is to really feeling your abs working completely with full stimulation.  Most people who exercise know the feeling of "bracing" the abs as done in the popular ab crunch exercise.

Crisis and Opportunity in Fitness
Jack Barnathan, B.B.A., D.C., F.A.C.C., CFT, MFS, MSS, CET, SSN (ISSA)

The fitness professions are going through a period of transition. The massive growth of the 70's, 80's and first half of the 90's has stalled, and in some cases, dropped tremendously.  
The need for fitness and the allied "physical training" professions is needed more than ever if national and international health statistics are taken seriously. Our health is in peril, and a community of professionals is necessary to stem the tide.

It's not that there is a loss of recognition of the need for physical activity. Studies demonstrate that the public readily acknowledges they have challenges in getting the recommended time committed to their fitness.  The challenge comes in our "unsocial" social media society, which would rather do almost anything on our phone if given a choice.

Proving that Chiropractic Works with Every Step!  One Doctor's Journey
Todd A McDougle, DC
From the time I began, hardship and struggle seemed to be a constant friend. Exposure to those with post-polio syndrome and its resultant scoliosis, damaged and rotted spines from 40 years of standing on concrete, mangled feet, knees, and hips appeared at my door with such high frequency. Oddities such as eight cervical vertebrae, hemi-vertebrae, post-surgical syndromes of all kinds and not limited to the spine, plagued my community where I cut my teeth as a young doctor. Who knew that all of this was to prepare me for the opportunities as a Chiropractor to help others and change my vision for what my profession could actually do when applied with purpose? One of these experiences I will share with you now. An unlikely encounter that proved that my version of Chiropractic worked and with hard data and in a fashion that had never been done in the history of Chiropractic.
Eating to Live
Mr. Lee Haney

My experience as a professional bodybuilder has taught me how to manipulate nutrition and exercise on every level possible. From training world class athletes life Evander Holyfield to entertainers like Steve Harvey to senior track athletes, Jeannie and Bill Daprano. Nutrition is the driving force behind anyone striving to establish ongoing success in any area of their life.

What you put in your body will have a direct impact on how you feel, look, and physically perform. It doesn't matter who you are. Our bodies are in a ongoing quest to rebuild and replenish its self on a daily bases.  Giving our bodies the right nutrients is essential in making that happen.

Women's Empowerment & Chiropractic Collaboration
Ms. Staci Boyer

In a world of women striving for empowerment and juggling work - life - balance, it has become more evident that mental clarity and an inflammation free body are key components in the secret formula for success.

Why do women do so many things, all of the time? One answer… because they CAN.  A big downfall for women is their nurturing need to put others first - and they will push on and on and continually put themselves on the bottom of their list of priorities.

Seafood - Protein of Choice
Chef Don Doward

If you are looking for a great protein source, you can't beat the quality of fresh wild seafood. Fish is one of the healthiest foods available. Along with being high in Omega-3's, which can fight depression and anxiety, it is loaded with protein and Vitamin D. Often called brain food, fish has been shown in studies to help memory and boost learning in children.

However, all seafood is not created equal. There is an ongoing battle between wild seafood and farm raised. We live in a country surrounded by oceans and loaded with rivers, yet according to the FDA, 90% of the seafood we eat in this country is imported.

Assessing Shoulder Weight-Training Readiness
Ken Kinakin, DC

Weight-training dysfunctions can develop from a variety of sources, such as poor lifting technique, lifting beyond one's capabilities, training too often, and insufficient rest or recuperation. An often-overlooked cause is a previously injured area that does not heal correctly and becomes dysfunctional when an excessive load is put on it.  They can be caused by a lack of recuperation that causes microtrauma (small amounts of muscle damage important for growth and strength) to develop into macrotrauma (a large amount of damage that does not contribute to muscle growth or strength but instead actually prevents training due to pain).

Shoulder problems are among the most difficult injuries from which to recover since the shoulder is involved with so many ranges of motion and exercises.